Inboard/Outboard Outdrive Sterndrive Jet Drive Service Manuals
Do-it-Yourself Service and Repair Manuals for Inboard Outdrives
There are 4 Types of Inboard Boat Motor Drive Systems
- Inboard/Outboard, (I/O) Sterndrive, Outdrive
- Direct-Drive (D-Drive) Inboard Systems
- V-Drive Inboard Systems
- Jet Drive Inboard Systems
Inboard and Outdrive Manufacturer Brands
- Alamarin Jet Drives
- American Turbine Jet Drives
- Berkeley Jet Drives
- Hamilton Jet Drives
- Honda Jet Drives
- Mercury Mercruiser Sterndrive Systems
- Mercruiser Jet Drives
- OMC Engines and Outdrive Systems
- SEI Outdrives
- Tohatsu jet Drives
- Volvo Penta Outdrives
Inboard/Outboard, (I/O) Sterndrive, Outdrive
The engine is mounted inside the boat. The transmission/drive unit is outside of the boat, attached to the transom. The engine and drive unit are joined by a torque coupler and universal joint. Moving the drive unit steers the boat.
Inboard/Outboard (I/O) engines otherwise known as Sterndrive combines inboard power with outboard driveability. The engine’s drive unit lies just below the swim deck with the motor mounted under the transom. Sterndrives are mostly used in “pocket cruisers” aka, boats less than 30 feet long that have amenities like a head, galley, and sleeping quarters.
The advantages of a sterndrive over an outboard engine are sterndrives have more horsepower and allow for a more attractive transom as the engine is hidden beneath the boat. They are also easier to fish on.
The advantages a sterndrive has over an inboard are sterndrives have no need for a prop shaft or rudder system making it easy to trailer and operate in shallow water. Sterndrives also allow for more space in the interior passenger cabin of the boat as the engine is mounted all the way in the back of the boat.
Direct-Drive (D-Drive) Inboard Systems
With Direct Drive (D-Drive) motors, the engine is mounted in the center of the boat with the prop and rudder built into the hull (underneath the boat). A drive shaft is connected at the rear of the transmission and is run out of the hull through a sealing unit. The propeller is connected directly to the drive shaft outside the hull. A rudder steers the boat.
Direct Drives are used specifically for ski boats as they leave very little wake.
V-Drive Inboard Systems
V-Drive motors are stowed under the transom seating, with a Prop and Rudder built into the hull (underneath the boat). With the use of a universal joint on the end of the transmission, the drive shaft is directed stern-wards under the engine and through the hull. The propeller/rudder arrangement is the same as in a standard inboard installation.
V-Drive Inboard engines are most commonly found on watersport boats making it easy to wakeboard, wakesurf, tube, kneeboard, and anything else you want to try behind the boat, including skiing.
To make larger wakes for wakeboarding, tubing, and wakesurfing, inboard boat manufacturers use built in Ballast Sytems, Surf Systems and unique hull designs to manipulate the wake. To scale back the wake to allow skiing, boaters often choose a “Crossover” model V-Drive inboard boat, like the MasterCraft XT Series for example, designed with a hull that can produce very little wake when the added ballast and surf systems aren’t in use.
Jet Drive Inboard Systems
Less common than all other configurations, a jet drive consists of an engine mounted inside the boat that is attached to a high speed pump which draws in water through an intake grate, increases its velocity, and forces it out through a directionally adjustable nozzle which is mounted outside the boat.
Changing the direction of this nozzle steers the boat.
Jet drives have a distinct advantage of being able to operate in more shallow water than other inboard drive systems.
Volvo Penta Outdrives
- Volvo Penta SX Outdrive
- Volvo DPR DuoProp outdrives.
- Volvo Penta AD41B (Dual prop RevD)
Volvo Penta Cobra SX outdrive
Volvo 280 outdrive
Volvo 290 outdrive
Volvo penta 270/280 outdrive
Volvo DP-A2 outdrive
Volvo penta 5.0 GL outdrive
Volvo 275 outdrive
Volvo Penta DP-C1 Outdrive
SEI's outdrives are assembled at their factory in Clearwater, Florida. SEI has been in the stern drive business since 2003. SEI Sterndrive Engineering is the largest supplier of replacement outdrives in the world.